Forbidden by the WTO? Discrimination Against a Product When Its Creation Causes Harm to the Environment or Animal Welfare

37 Pages Posted: 3 Sep 2013 Last revised: 22 Jan 2015

See all articles by Catherine Archibald

Catherine Archibald

University of Detroit Mercy School of Law

Date Written: September 1, 2008

Abstract

Sometimes countries make distinctions between seemingly identical products because of the different impact that each product's processing method has on the environment or animal welfare. When used appropriately, these distinctions can be a powerful force toward positive environmental change, sustainable development, and increased animal welfare. This article shows how environmental and animal welfare process and production (PPM) distinctions can and should exist within the framework of the international trade regime.

Keywords: animal welfare, sustainable development, international trade, environmental law, international environmental law, WTO

JEL Classification: F1, K10, K32, K33

Suggested Citation

Archibald, Catherine, Forbidden by the WTO? Discrimination Against a Product When Its Creation Causes Harm to the Environment or Animal Welfare (September 1, 2008). 48 Natural Resources Journal 15-51 (2008). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2319686

Catherine Archibald (Contact Author)

University of Detroit Mercy School of Law ( email )

651 East Jefferson Avenue
Detroit, MI 48226
United States

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