Quantile Regression and the Gender Wage Gap: Is there a Glass Ceiling in the Turkish Labor Market?
34 Pages Posted: 5 Sep 2013
Date Written: July 31, 2010
The aim of this paper is to examine the existence of a significant glass ceiling effect in the Turkish labor market. By glass ceiling we mean the existence of a gender wage gap significantly more pronounced at the upper tail of the wage distribution than at the middle or lower tail. In the first step of the analysis, quantile regressions are estimated using data from the Structure of Earnings Survey 2006 conducted by the Turkish Statistical Institute. Several alternative model specifications are explored. In the second step, counterfactual wage distributions are generated, to quantify the role of worker attributes versus returns to these attributes shaping the gender wage gap. The quantile regression estimates and the decomposition analyses consistently show that the gender wage gap is more pronounced at the upper tail of the wage distribution, implying the existence of a glass ceiling effect for women in the Turkish labor market.
Keywords: Gender wage gap, quantile regression, decomposition
JEL Classification: C21, J31, J71
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation