Funding Advantage and Market Discipline in the Canadian Banking Sector
47 Pages Posted: 8 Sep 2013 Last revised: 7 Nov 2014
Date Written: July 16, 2013
We employ a comprehensive data set and a variety of methods to provide evidence on the magnitude of large banks’ funding advantage in Canada in addition to the extent to which market discipline exists across different securities issued by the Canadian banks. The banking sector in Canada provides a unique setting in which to examine market discipline along with the prospects of proposed reforms because Canada has no history of government bailouts, and an implicit government guarantee has been in effect consistently since the 1920s. We find that large banks have a funding advantage over small banks after controlling for bank-specific and market risk factors. Large banks on average pay 80 basis points and 70 basis points less, respectively, on their deposits and subordinated debt. Working with hand-collected market data on debt issues by large banks, we also find that market discipline exists for subordinated debt and not for senior debt.
Keywords: Bail-in, Contingent Capital, Market Discipline, Funding Advantage, Subordinated Debt, Financial Regulation, Bank Resolution, Cost of Debt
JEL Classification: G01, G21, G28, G32, G33
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation