Effect of Fukushima Nuclear Disaster on the Global Public Acceptance of Nuclear Energy

Energy Policy, 61, 2013, 822-828

8 Pages Posted: 9 Sep 2013 Last revised: 6 May 2015

See all articles by Younghwan Kim

Younghwan Kim

KAIST

Minki Kim

College of Business, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST)

Wonjoon Kim

Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST)

Date Written: September 8, 2013

Abstract

The Fukushima nuclear disaster has significantly changed public attitudes toward nuclear energy. It is important to understand how this change has occurred in different countries before the global community revises existing nuclear policies. This study examines the effect of the Fukushima disaster on public acceptance of nuclear energy in 42 countries. We find that the operational experience of nuclear power generation which has significantly affected positive public opinion about nuclear energy became considerably negative after the disaster, suggesting fundamental changes in public acceptance regardless of the level of acceptance before the disaster. In addition, contrary to our expectation, the proportion of nuclear power generation is positively and significantly related to public acceptance of nuclear energy after the Fukushima accident and government pressure on media content led to a greater decrease in the level of public acceptance after the accident. Nuclear energy policymakers should consider the varied factors affecting public acceptance of nuclear energy in each country depending on its historical, environmental, and geographical circumstances before they revise nuclear policy in response to the Fukushima accident.

Keywords: Fukushima nuclear disaster, public acceptance, nuclear policy

JEL Classification: Q48

Suggested Citation

Kim, Younghwan and Kim, Minki and Kim, Wonjoon, Effect of Fukushima Nuclear Disaster on the Global Public Acceptance of Nuclear Energy (September 8, 2013). Energy Policy, 61, 2013, 822-828, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2322394 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2322394

Younghwan Kim

KAIST ( email )

373-1 Kusong-dong
Yuson-gu
Taejon 305-701, 130-722
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Minki Kim

College of Business, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) ( email )

85 Hoegiro Dongdaemun-Gu
Seoul 02455
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Wonjoon Kim (Contact Author)

Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST) ( email )

291 Gwahak-ro
Yuseong-gu
Daejon, 305-701
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)
+82-42-350-4336 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://wjkim.kaist.ac.kr

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