Alcohol-Related Motor Vehicle Crash Risk and the Location of Alcohol Purchase

35 Pages Posted: 10 Sep 2013 Last revised: 28 Aug 2016

See all articles by Chad Cotti

Chad Cotti

University of Connecticut - Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics

Richard A. Dunn

University of Connecticut - Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics

Nathan Tefft

Bates College

Date Written: September 9, 2013

Abstract

In this study, we examine how the probability of driving after a binge-drinking episode varies with the location of consumption and type of alcohol consumed. We also investigate the relationship between the location of alcohol purchase and the number of alcohol-related fatal motor vehicle crashes. We find that binge-drinkers are significantly more likely to drive after consuming alcohol at establishments that sell alcohol for on-premises consumption, e.g., from bars or restaurants, particularly after drinking beer. Further, per capita sales of alcohol for off-premises consumption are unrelated to the rate of alcohol-related fatal motor vehicle crashes. When disaggregating alcohol types, per capita sales of beer for off-premises consumption are negatively associated with the rate of alcohol-related fatal motor vehicle crashes. In contrast, total per capita sales of alcohol from all establishments (on- and off-premises) are positively related to the rate of alcohol-related fatal motor vehicle crashes and the magnitude of this relationship is strongest for beer sales. Thus, policies that shift consumption away from bars and restaurants could lead to a decline in the number of motor vehicle crashes.

Keywords: Alcohol Drinking, Motor Vehicles, Economics, Taxes

JEL Classification: I1, H2, R4

Suggested Citation

Cotti, Chad and Dunn, Richard A. and Tefft, Nathan, Alcohol-Related Motor Vehicle Crash Risk and the Location of Alcohol Purchase (September 9, 2013). Kilts Center for Marketing at Chicago Booth – Nielsen Dataset Paper Series 1-003. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2323001 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2323001

Chad Cotti

University of Connecticut - Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics ( email )

1376 Storrs Road, Unit 4066
Storrs, CT 06269
United States

Richard A. Dunn

University of Connecticut - Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics ( email )

1376 Storrs Road, Unit 4066
Storrs, CT 06269
United States
860-486-0111 (Phone)

Nathan Tefft (Contact Author)

Bates College ( email )

Lewiston, ME 04240
United States

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