Reducing Traumatic Brain Injuries in Youth Sports: Youth Sports Traumatic Brain Injury State Laws, January 2009-December 2012
Hosea H. Harvey
Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law
July 1, 2013
Am J Public Health. 2013;103:1249–1254. doi:10.2105/AJPH. 2012.301107
Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2013-41
Objectives. I sought to describe current state-wide youth sports traumatic brain injury (TBI) laws and their relationship to prevailing scientific understandings of youth sports TBIs, and to facilitate further research by creating an open-source data set of current laws.
Methods. I used Westlaw and LexisNexis databases to create a 50-state data set of youth sports TBI laws enacted between January 2009 and December 2012. I collected and coded the text and citations of each law and developed a protocol and code-book to facilitate future research.
Results. Forty-four states and Washington, DC, passed youth sports TBI laws between 2009 and 2012. No state’s youth sports TBI law focuses on primary prevention. Instead, such laws focus on (1) increasing coaches’ and parents’ ability to identify and respond to TBIs and (2) reducing the immediate risk of multiple TBIs.
Conclusions. Existing youth sports TBI laws were not designed to reduce initial TBIs. Evaluation is required to assess their effectiveness in reducing the risk and consequences of multiple TBIs. Continued research and evaluation of existing laws will be needed to develop a more comprehensive youth TBI-reduction solution.
Note: This version is a manuscript pre-publication edit.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 6
Keywords: tbi, concussion, youth sports tbi laws, high school football, athletics, athletes
Date posted: September 11, 2013 ; Last revised: April 18, 2015