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Reducing Traumatic Brain Injuries in Youth Sports: Youth Sports Traumatic Brain Injury State Laws, January 2009-December 2012

Am J Public Health. 2013;103:1249–1254. doi:10.2105/AJPH. 2012.301107

Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2013-41

6 Pages Posted: 11 Sep 2013 Last revised: 18 Apr 2015

Hosea H. Harvey

Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law

Date Written: July 1, 2013

Abstract

Objectives. I sought to describe current state-wide youth sports traumatic brain injury (TBI) laws and their relationship to prevailing scientific understandings of youth sports TBIs, and to facilitate further research by creating an open-source data set of current laws.

Methods. I used Westlaw and LexisNexis databases to create a 50-state data set of youth sports TBI laws enacted between January 2009 and December 2012. I collected and coded the text and citations of each law and developed a protocol and code-book to facilitate future research.

Results. Forty-four states and Washington, DC, passed youth sports TBI laws between 2009 and 2012. No state’s youth sports TBI law focuses on primary prevention. Instead, such laws focus on (1) increasing coaches’ and parents’ ability to identify and respond to TBIs and (2) reducing the immediate risk of multiple TBIs.

Conclusions. Existing youth sports TBI laws were not designed to reduce initial TBIs. Evaluation is required to assess their effectiveness in reducing the risk and consequences of multiple TBIs. Continued research and evaluation of existing laws will be needed to develop a more comprehensive youth TBI-reduction solution.

Notes: This version is a manuscript pre-publication edit.

Keywords: tbi, concussion, youth sports tbi laws, high school football, athletics, athletes

Suggested Citation

Harvey, Hosea H., Reducing Traumatic Brain Injuries in Youth Sports: Youth Sports Traumatic Brain Injury State Laws, January 2009-December 2012 (July 1, 2013). Am J Public Health. 2013;103:1249–1254. doi:10.2105/AJPH. 2012.301107; Temple University Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2013-41. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2324045

Hosea H. Harvey (Contact Author)

Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law ( email )

1719 N. Broad Street
Philadelphia, PA 19122
United States

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