XTC Production and Trafficking in Women for the Purpose of Sexual Exploitation: Crime Problems and Multi-Agency Approaches in the Netherlands

14 Pages Posted: 13 Sep 2013

See all articles by Toine Spapens

Toine Spapens

Tilburg University, Law School; Police Academy of the Netherlands

Date Written: September 12, 2013

Abstract

This paper addresses two types of organized crime in the Netherlands: ecstasy production and trafficking, and the trafficking of women for sexual exploitation in the Amsterdam Red Light District. These illegal activities are particularly interesting because the police, the public prosecution service, the Tax and Customs Administration and the administrative authorities have developed multi-agency approaches in response. The different agencies exchange information and intelligence including personal data based on a framework agreement. They discuss and execute coordinated responses by applying criminal law, fiscal law and administrative law to tackle both the perpetrators and the legitimate infrastructure they use to commit crimes.

Keywords: human trafficking, organized crime, drugs, policing, multi-agency approaches

Suggested Citation

Spapens, Toine, XTC Production and Trafficking in Women for the Purpose of Sexual Exploitation: Crime Problems and Multi-Agency Approaches in the Netherlands (September 12, 2013). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2325001 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2325001

Toine Spapens (Contact Author)

Tilburg University, Law School ( email )

P.O. Box 90153
Tilburg, 5000 LE
Netherlands

Police Academy of the Netherlands ( email )

7334 AC Apeldoorn
Netherlands

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