Measuring the Impacts of Teachers Ii: Teacher Value-Added and Student Outcomes in Adulthood

81 Pages Posted: 14 Sep 2013 Last revised: 16 Sep 2013

See all articles by Raj Chetty

Raj Chetty

Harvard University

John Friedman

Brown University

John N. Friedman

Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS); National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Jonah E. Rockoff

Columbia Business School - Finance and Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Date Written: September 2013

Abstract

Are teachers' impacts on students' test scores ("value-added") a good measure of their quality? This question has sparked debate partly because of a lack of evidence on whether high value-added (VA) teachers who raise students' test scores improve students' long-term outcomes. Using school district and tax records for more than one million children, we find that students assigned to high-VA teachers in primary school are more likely to attend college, earn higher salaries, and are less likely to have children as teenagers. Replacing a teacher whose VA is in the bottom 5% with an average teacher would increase the present value of students' lifetime income by approximately $250,000 per classroom.

Suggested Citation

Chetty, Raj and Friedman, John and Friedman, John Norton and Rockoff, Jonah E., Measuring the Impacts of Teachers Ii: Teacher Value-Added and Student Outcomes in Adulthood (September 2013). NBER Working Paper No. w19424. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2325797

Raj Chetty (Contact Author)

Harvard University ( email )

1875 Cambridge Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

John Friedman

Brown University ( email )

Box 1860
Providence, RI 02912
United States

John Norton Friedman

Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) ( email )

79 John F. Kennedy Street
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Jonah E. Rockoff

Columbia Business School - Finance and Economics ( email )

3022 Broadway
New York, NY 10027
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

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