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Democratizing the Global Business and Human Rights Project by Catalyzing Strategic Litigation from the Bottom Up

34 Pages Posted: 17 Sep 2013 Last revised: 13 Feb 2015

Larry Catá Backer

Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law

Nabih Haddad

Michigan State University - College of Education

Tomonori Teraoka

University of Tokyo

Keren Wang

Communication Arts & Sciences; Pennsylvania State University - School of International Affairs

Date Written: December 2014

Abstract

With the June 2011 endorsement of the U.N. Guiding Principles for Business and Human Rights (GP) by the U.N. Human Rights Council, the international community entered a new phase in the approach to the important work of developing global norms for economic activity with human rights impacts, irrespective of the states in which these occur. But the business and human rights project still privileges the state and the elite communities of enterprises, lawyers, and civil society organizations that form the networks of norm creation and operationalization on which the objects of human rights discourse are dependent. To effectively implement the GP requires an empowerment of all stakeholders down the supply and value chain. This empowerment must naturalize the substantive norms embedded in the GP into the cultures of business activity shared by all stakeholders. This chapter, then, elaborates our initial framework for a three-phase approach for the Democratizing Human Rights/Catalyzing Strategic Litigation (DHR/CSL) initiative, which employs an updated knowledge management strategy that begins with knowledge production centered on focused toolkits, followed by the education/knowledge transmission phase that involves deployment of knowledge product, such as toolkits, through student-centered training, education, and technical assistance; finally, the project will move towards the operationalization phase where large networks of stakeholders can both effectively and sustainably enforce business due diligence through the implementation of litigation/complaint strategies. The combination of knowledge creation, education/technical assistance, and targeted litigation/complaint strategies may serve to overcome the problem of evolving the current development of business and human rights project from a bauble for the use of global elites and as an instrumental project to protect the privilege of states to a mechanism of asserting popular power through the operation of markets and the invocation of the international procedures which states themselves are bound to honor.

Keywords: business due diligence, corporate social responsibility, education, human rights, international law, knowledge management, knowledge spiral cluster, nonprofit organizations, OECD, strategic litigation, Guiding Principles Business and Human Rights, Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises, NGO

JEL Classification: D63, D8, F53, I2, J8, K33, K41, L17, L3, M14

Suggested Citation

Backer, Larry Catá and Haddad, Nabih and Teraoka, Tomonori and Wang, Keren, Democratizing the Global Business and Human Rights Project by Catalyzing Strategic Litigation from the Bottom Up (December 2014). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2325994 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2325994

Larry Catá Backer (Contact Author)

Pennsylvania State University, Penn State Law ( email )

Lewis Katz Building
University Park, PA 16802
United States

Nabih Haddad

Michigan State University - College of Education ( email )

Erickson Hall
East Lansing, MI 48824
United States

Tomonori Teraoka

University of Tokyo ( email )

Yayoi 1-1-1
Bunkyo-ku
Tokyo, 113-8657
Japan

Keren Wang

Communication Arts & Sciences ( email )

University Park
State College, PA 16802
United States

Pennsylvania State University - School of International Affairs ( email )

Lewis Katz Building
University Park, PA 16802
United States

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