Embeddedness of Regions in European Knowledge Networks: A Comparative Analysis of Inter-Regional R&D Collaborations, Co-Patents and Co-Publications

42 Pages Posted: 17 Sep 2013

See all articles by Iris Wanzenböck

Iris Wanzenböck

AIT Austrian Institute of Technology GmbH

Thomas Scherngell

AIT - Austrian Institute of Technology

Thomas Brenner

Max Planck Institute for Research Into Economic Systems, Jena

Date Written: September 16, 2013

Abstract

This paper investigates the embeddedness of European regions in different types of inter-regional knowledge networks, namely project based R&D collaborations within the EU Framework Programmes (FPs), co-patent networks and co-publication networks. Embeddedness refers to the network positioning of regions captured in terms of social network analytic (SNA) centrality measures. The objective is to estimate how region-internal and region-external factors influence network embeddedness in the distinct network types in order to identify differences in their driving factors at the regional level. In our modelling approach we apply advanced spatial econometric techniques by means of a mixed effects panel version of the Spatial Durbin Model (SDM) and introduce a set of variables accounting for a capacity-specific, a relational as well as a spatial dimension in regional knowledge production activities. The results reveal conspicuous differences between the knowledge networks. Internal capacity- and technology-related aspects but also spatial spillover effects from surrounding regions prove to be particularly important for centrality in the co-patent network. For the FP network, we find significant - region-internal and region-external - impacts of general economic conditions on a region’s centrality. We cannot observe substantial spillover effects of region-external factors on centrality in the co-publication network. Thus, the distinctive knowledge creation foci in each network seem to find expression in the network structure as well as its regional determinants.

Keywords: knowledge networks, network embeddedness, network centrality, regional knowledge production, panel Spatial Durbin Model

JEL Classification: L14, N74, O33, R15

Suggested Citation

Wanzenböck, Iris and Scherngell, Thomas and Brenner, Thomas, Embeddedness of Regions in European Knowledge Networks: A Comparative Analysis of Inter-Regional R&D Collaborations, Co-Patents and Co-Publications (September 16, 2013). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2326393 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2326393

Iris Wanzenböck

AIT Austrian Institute of Technology GmbH ( email )

Thomas Scherngell (Contact Author)

AIT - Austrian Institute of Technology ( email )

Donau-City-Strasse 1
Vienna, 1220
Austria

Thomas Brenner

Max Planck Institute for Research Into Economic Systems, Jena ( email )

Kahlaische Strasse 10
D-07745 Jena, 07745
Germany
+49 3641 686820 (Phone)
+49 3641 686868 (Fax)

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