Comparative and Normative Analysis of Damages Under the SGA and the CESL

St. Thomas Law Review, Vol. 26, 2014, Forthcoming

University of Leicester School of Law Research Paper No. 13-06

33 Pages Posted: 17 Sep 2013

Date Written: September 2013

Abstract

The Proposal for a Common European Sales Law (CESL) and the Sale of Goods Act 1979 (SGA) have adopted different approaches toward the calculation of damages. Under the SGA, the ‘market price’ rule is preferred over the rule governing ‘making a substitute transaction’. Where there is a market price for the contract goods, a higher or lower price at which the buyer has made a cover purchase for the similar goods is generally irrelevant to the assessment of damages. Conversely, under the CESL, the ‘market price’ rule for calculation of damages is subsidiary, even if the ‘market price’ rule would have been more advantageous for the buyer. This paper will compare these different mechanisms for calculating damages within the context of international sales of manufactured goods. This comparison is based on a novel normative framework. This normative framework consists of four criteria: 1) legal certainty, an essential requirement of international sales transactions; 2) performance interest, reflecting the specific needs of a buyer entering a commercial transaction; 3) efficiency, concerning whether the remedy can minimize transaction costs facing the disputants; and 4) satisfying the norms of relational theory, as international sales of manufactured goods requires a continuing relationship between the parties in different stages of contract. This comparison aims to identify which legal regime has adopted the more appropriate approach in accordance with the normative framework. Finally, proposals for improving the rules of monetary damages under the CESL, which seems to have some defects, are suggested.

Keywords: contract, sale, remedies, damages, Sale of Goods Act, Common European Sales Law, comparative law

Suggested Citation

Beheshti, Reza, Comparative and Normative Analysis of Damages Under the SGA and the CESL (September 2013). St. Thomas Law Review, Vol. 26, 2014, Forthcoming, University of Leicester School of Law Research Paper No. 13-06, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2327058

Reza Beheshti (Contact Author)

University of Nottingham ( email )

School of Law
The University of Nottingham
Nottingham, NG7 2RD
United Kingdom

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.nottingham.ac.uk/law/contact/index.aspx

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