The Old and the New: The Evolution of Polymer and Biomedical Clusters in Ohio and in Sweden

Journal of Evolutionary Economics (2000), 10(5): 471–488

Posted: 18 Sep 2013

See all articles by Pontus Braunerhjelm

Pontus Braunerhjelm

Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) - Department of Infrastructural and Urban Planning (INFRA); Örebro University - Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum

Bo Carlsson

Case Western Reserve University - Department of Economics

Dilek Cetindamar

Sabanci University

Dan Johansson

Örebro University School of Business

Date Written: 2000

Abstract

This paper examines the rapid growth of the polymer-based and biomedical clusters in Ohio and Sweden – two regions of similar size and with similar traditions undergoing similar industrial restructuring.

Two issues are addressed: First, why has growth been so strong in these particular clusters, i.e., can we identify the sources of the growth and dynamics in these sectors? Second, why do these two clusters differ in Ohio and Sweden in terms of size, level and type of activity, number and composition of actors, size structure of firms and growth patterns over the last couple of decades? In particular, what is the role of public policies as well as cultural, historical, and geographic factors?

Our main conclusions are (1) that there is strong path dependence in both clusters in both countries, and (2) that the key to rapid development is a high absorptive capacity combined with rapid diffusion to new potential users. Our policy discussion addresses these issues.

Keywords: Clusters, Evolution, Path dependence, Systems, Polymers, Biomedicine

JEL Classification: L23, O30

Suggested Citation

Braunerhjelm, Pontus and Carlsson, Bo and Cetindamar, Dilek and Johansson, Dan, The Old and the New: The Evolution of Polymer and Biomedical Clusters in Ohio and in Sweden (2000). Journal of Evolutionary Economics (2000), 10(5): 471–488. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2327483

Pontus Braunerhjelm

Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) - Department of Infrastructural and Urban Planning (INFRA) ( email )

SE-100 44 Stockholm
Sweden
+46 8 790 9114 (Phone)
+46 8 411 7436 (Fax)

Örebro University - Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum ( email )

Södra Kungstornet
Kungsgatan 33, 7tr
Stockholm, 11156
Sweden

Bo Carlsson

Case Western Reserve University - Department of Economics ( email )

Cleveland, OH 44106
United States

Dilek Cetindamar

Sabanci University ( email )

Graduate School of Management
81474 Tuzla, Istanbul
Turkey
90-216-483 9661 (Phone)
90-216-483 9699 (Fax)

Dan Johansson (Contact Author)

Örebro University School of Business ( email )

School of Business
Örebro, SE-70182
Sweden

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
117
PlumX Metrics