Boundaries, Biodiversity, Resources, and Increasing Maritime Activities: Emerging Oceans Governance Challenges for Canada in the Arctic Ocean

(2009) 34:1 Vermont Law Review 35-55

22 Pages Posted: 14 Mar 2014

See all articles by Clive Schofield

Clive Schofield

University of Wollongong

Tavis Potts

Dunstaffnage Marine Laboratory - Oceans Governance, Centre for Coastal and Ocean Governance (CCOG)

Ian Townsend-Gault

University of British Columbia (UBC), Faculty of Law

Date Written: 2009

Abstract

This paper explores recent developments in the Arctic region, notably in terms of environmental changes. The paper then examines some of the potential impacts of expanding maritime activities in the Arctic Ocean, particularly the Canadian Arctic. These include the exploitation of both living and non-living marine resources and increasing Arctic navigational opportunities. In this context, it has been suggested that the melting of sea ice will render the Northwest Passage open for navigation for significant parts of the year. A number of myths and misconceptions surrounding these predictions are highlighted. Discussion then turns to the maritime jurisdictional claims of the Arctic States, particularly Canada's claims to baselines around its Arctic archipelago, its position regarding the jurisdictional status of the waters so enclosed, its claims to control over the Passage, and the attitude of other countries to these Canadian claims. Finally, emerging options on Arctic oceans governance are provided.

Keywords: Canada, Arctic Ocean, Governance

Suggested Citation

Schofield, Clive and Potts, Tavis and Townsend-Gault, Ian, Boundaries, Biodiversity, Resources, and Increasing Maritime Activities: Emerging Oceans Governance Challenges for Canada in the Arctic Ocean (2009). (2009) 34:1 Vermont Law Review 35-55. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2327825

Clive Schofield

University of Wollongong ( email )

Northfields Avenue
Wollongong, New South Wales 2522
Australia

Tavis Potts

Dunstaffnage Marine Laboratory - Oceans Governance, Centre for Coastal and Ocean Governance (CCOG) ( email )

Oban, Scotland
United Kingdom

Ian Townsend-Gault (Contact Author)

University of British Columbia (UBC), Faculty of Law ( email )

1822 East Mall
Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z1
Canada

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