Does Immigration Crowd Natives Into or Out of Higher Education?
63 Pages Posted: 22 Sep 2013 Last revised: 22 Feb 2014
Date Written: February 17, 2014
This paper investigates the impact of immigration on native college enrollment. Many studies have focused on the effect of increased immigrant demand for schooling on native enrollment. However, changes in immigrant labor supply may also affect native enrollment by changing local market prices. Using U.S. Census data from 1970 to 2000, I find that state-level increases in immigrant college students do not significantly lower native enrollment rates. Conversely, state-level increases in relatively unskilled immigrant labor significantly raise native enrollment rates. These findings suggest college demand is wage-sensitive and college slots are flexibly supplied over a decadal time horizon.
Keywords: Immigration, native college enrollment, labor market, crowd out
JEL Classification: J24, J61, J22, J23, H75
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation