Gender Mainstreaming and Conflict Resolution in Nigeria
19 Pages Posted: 1 Oct 2013
Date Written: September 30, 2013
The paper attempted to investigate the issue of Gender Mainstreaming and Conflict Resolution in Nigeria. It examined the issue of Gender equality for sustainability development. Also, UNESCO activities in the area of Gender mainstreaming was x-rayed as well as UNESCO Gender lenses was critically analyzed in terms of how meetings, workshops and conferences are held, the workshop processes, processes of issuing communiqués, recommendations as well as publications were examined.
Moreover, The Peace and Conflict Impact Assessment (PCIA) technique was employed as an instrument for the evaluation (ex post facto) of development interventions, and anticipation (ex ante) of the impact of potential projects on the structures and processes which either strengthen the prospects for peaceful co-existence and decrease the probability of violence, or increase the likelihood of responding to conflict through violent means. When we conduct PCIA ex post facto, we analyze and provide explanations for occurrences that have happened, but ex ante PCIA anticipates or predict certain phenomena and events which are yet to occur. The PCIA also helps to track positive, yet unintended peace building impact that could result from development administration.
We conclude with a number of essential findings which emerge from the study, amongst which are: That Crisis prevention and conflict management are indeed highly gendered activities. It also observed that not only do women and men have different access to power structures and material resources before, during and after the escalation of a conflict, but they also experience the pre-conflict phase, the open conflict and the post-conflict situation in different ways as well. At the same time, women and men play different roles in different types of violent conflicts. The same holds true for peace-building activities: depending on their ethnic origin, class, and cultural identity, women (and men) may have different needs and roles in crisis prevention/conflict management and post-conflict peace-building.
The study therefore reiterated that a gender perspective plays an important part in understanding the complex internal dynamics of crisis prevention and conflict management activities, and promoting social justice is germane in peace-building activities and sustainable development
Keywords: Gender, Mainstreaming, Conflict Resolution, Peace Building
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