Optimal VWAP Tracking
66 Pages Posted: 1 Oct 2013
Date Written: September 30, 2013
We consider the problem of finding a strategy that tracks the volume weighted average price (VWAP) of a stock, a key measure of execution quality for large orders used by institutional investors. We obtain the optimal, dynamic, VWAP tracking strategy in closed form in a model with general price and volume dynamics and show that it can be extended to incorporate proportional transaction costs. We build a model of intraday volume using the Trade and Quote dataset to empirically test the strategy, both without trading costs and when trading has temporary effects that include the bid-ask spread and depth of the order book, and permanent effects that reflect the potential information content of trades. We find that the implementation cost of the strategy we propose is lower than the cost charged by brokerage houses.
Keywords: Volume Weighted Average Price, Algorithmic Trading, Trading Volume, Trading Costs, Dynamic Programming
JEL Classification: G12, G29, C61
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation