An Estimate of the Age Distribution's Effect on Carbon Dioxide Emissions
39 Pages Posted: 24 Dec 2013
Date Written: July 2013
We estimate the age distribution's impact on carbon dioxide emissions from 1990 to 2006 by exploiting demographic variation in a panel of 46 countries. To eliminate potential bias from endogeneity or omitted variables, we instrument for the age distribution in a country's current population with lagged birth rates, and the regressions control for total population, total output, and country and year fixed effects. Carbon dioxide emissions increase with the share of the population aged 35 to 49, and this result is statistically significant and quantitatively large.
Keywords: CO2 Emissions, Demographics, Environment
JEL Classification: Q4, J1
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation