Differential Effect of Prior Knowledge of Instructional Objectives on Some Urban and Rural Benue Senior Secondary Students’ Achievement in Biology
International Journal of Academic Research in Progressive Education and Development January 2012, Vol. 1, No. 1; 159-166; ISSN:2226 6348
8 Pages Posted: 4 Oct 2013
Date Written: January 30, 2012
This study determined the differential effect of prior knowledge of instructional objectives on the achievement of urban and rural students in zone ‘C’ of Benue State. One research question and two hypotheses were formulated to guide the research. Data were collected from 640 senior secondary 2 (SSII) students using a validated instrument; the Biology Achievement Test Items (BATI), which yielded a reliability coefficient (r) of 0.84. The research question was answered using the mean and standard deviation scores while the hypotheses were tested at 0.05 significant level using Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA). Urban students obtained significantly higher scores in Biology than the rural students (F1 = 481.907; p < 0.05). Also, interaction effect of method and location on achievement was significant; F 639=92.816, p<.05. it was recommended among others that, deliberate efforts should be made to post qualified and experienced teachers of Biology to rural schools to enhance students’ achievement; the provision of facilities, such as libraries, standard laboratories, electricity and adequate source of water for rural schools will also go a long way to improve students’ academic pursuit.
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