Temporary and Partial Disability Programs in Nine Countries: What Can the United States Learn from Other Countries?
Mitra, S. (2009), Temporary and Partial Disability Programs in Nine Countries: What can the United States Learn from Other Countries?, Journal of Disability Policy Studies, 20(1), pp. 14-27
38 Pages Posted: 10 Oct 2013
Date Written: October 9, 2008
This paper reviews and compares disability benefit systems in nine countries — Australia, Germany, Great Britain, Japan, the Netherlands, Norway, South Africa, Sweden, and the United States. It focuses on temporary and partial disability benefit programs and on how such programs may help return persons with disabilities to work. An analysis of the general advantages and disadvantages of having temporary and partial disability programs is presented. In addition, specific concerns that the Social Security Administration may have if such programs were to be implemented in this country are addressed.
Time-limited programs seem to have the potential to improve return to work among persons with disabilities and reduce program costs. However, caution would be needed before adopting such a program as implementation would be complex and the employment outcomes of recently adopted time-limited programs overseas are yet to be evaluated. In contrast, the study found that partial disability benefit programs are complex to administer and appear to offer little potential to encourage return to work.
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By Sophie Mitra