Do Floods Have Permanent Effects? Evidence from the Netherlands
Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper TI 2013-159/VIII
25 Pages Posted: 11 Oct 2013
Date Written: October 10, 2013
This study investigates the short- and long-run impact on population dynamics of the major flood in the Netherlands in 1953. A dynamic difference-in-differences analysis reveals that the flood had an immediate negative impact on population growth, but limited long term effects. In contrast, the resulting flood protection programme (Deltaworks), had a persisting positive effect on population growth. As a result, there has been an increase in population in flood prone areas.
Keywords: regional population dynamics, natural disasters, flood risk management
JEL Classification: H12, J10, N34, Q54, R23
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation