Gender, Salary and Promotion in the Academic Profession

37 Pages Posted: 23 Jun 2000

See all articles by Melanie E. Ward-Warmedinger

Melanie E. Ward-Warmedinger

European Central Bank (ECB); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Date Written: May 2000

Abstract

This paper examines the hypothesis that the gender salary gap observed in the academic labour market is predominantly explained by the differing average characteristics of male and female academics and barriers to female promotion. Preliminary analysis reveals that the crowding of women into the lower rungs of academia is a strong determinant of their lower average salary. This effect should be transitory as young women, now entering the profession, move up its ranks. We construct a rank attainment model and investigate the current and predicted distribution of females across ranks. Significant evidence of barriers to female promotion is revealed.

Keywords: Academic profession, gender discrimination, promotion, salary

JEL Classification: J44, J70

Suggested Citation

Ward-Warmedinger, Melanie E., Gender, Salary and Promotion in the Academic Profession (May 2000). IZA Discussion Paper No. 151. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=233902

Melanie E. Ward-Warmedinger (Contact Author)

European Central Bank (ECB) ( email )

Sonnemannstrasse 22
Frankfurt am Main, 60314
Germany

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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