Policy Instruments for Water Quality Protection

Posted: 11 Oct 2013

See all articles by James S. Shortle

James S. Shortle

Pennsylvania State University - College of Agricultural Sciences - Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology

Richard D. Horan

Michigan State University - Department of Agricultural Economics

Date Written: June 2013

Abstract

We examine policy instruments for ambient water quality protection. One objective is to illustrate the unique and complex informational challenges that must be addressed in constructing instruments that are effective and efficient for point and nonpoint sources. A second objective is to describe developments in real-world policies. Crucial to solving contemporary water quality challenges and improving the efficiency of water quality protection are reducing nonpoint pollution and efficiently integrating point management and nonpoint management. Accordingly, particular attention is given to instruments for nonpoint sources and to instruments that integrate point and nonpoint management. Our review of the literature in this area indicates that practical approaches will necessarily be second best but that careful instrument design and coordinated control across all sources can enhance the effectiveness and efficiency of water pollution control.

Suggested Citation

Shortle, James S. and Horan, Richard D., Policy Instruments for Water Quality Protection (June 2013). Annual Review of Resource Economics, Vol. 5, Issue 1, pp. 111-138, 2013, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2339087 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev-resource-091912-151903

James S. Shortle (Contact Author)

Pennsylvania State University - College of Agricultural Sciences - Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Sociology ( email )

University Park, PA 16802-3306
United States

Richard D. Horan

Michigan State University - Department of Agricultural Economics ( email )

303A Agriculture Hall
East Lansing, MI 48824
United States
517-355-1301 (Phone)
517-432-1800 (Fax)

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