Modeling Moral Dilemma Judgment
37 Pages Posted: 13 Oct 2013
Date Written: October 11, 2013
Moral dilemma judgment has been extensively studied by neurosciences and much is now known about the cerebral dynamics supporting this kind of reasoning. Neuroeconomics has provided some interesting hypothesis for modeling decision making. The present paper aims to test if dilemma judgment may be formalized by this kind of modeling. In addition, fMRI and electroencephalographic (EEG) studies have shown that dilemma judgment involves benefit and risk analysis supported by specific neural systems. Because of this, the EEG was recorded while volunteers were judging moral dilemma in order to provide additional information to test the proposed hypothesis. Present experimental and simulated results seem to validate the theoretical model described in this paper. EEG results shows that dilemma solution requires a complex enrollment of neurons in different parts of the brain in order to assess the benefits and risks of proposed solutions. Finally, the probability of each possible dilemma solution is shown to be adequately calculated from the proposed model.
Keywords: neuroeconomics, dilemma judgment, EEG, brain mapping, cognition, decision making, benefit and risk analysis
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