The Emotional Timeline of Unemployment: Anticipation, Reaction, and Adaptation

45 Pages Posted: 15 Oct 2013

See all articles by Christian von Scheve

Christian von Scheve

Free University of Berlin (FUB)

Frederike Esche

Berlin Graduate School of Social Sciences; Humboldt University of Berlin

Jürgen Schupp

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin); Institute for Sociology, Freie Universität; The Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

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Date Written: September 1, 2013

Abstract

Unemployment continues to be one of the major challenges in industrialized societies. Aside from its economic dimensions and societal repercussions, questions concerning the individual experience of unemployment have recently attracted increasing attention. Although many studies have documented the detrimental effects of unemployment for subjective well-being, they overwhelmingly focus on life satisfaction as the cognitive dimension of well-being. Little is known about the emotional antecedents and consequences of unemployment. We thus investigate the impact of unemployment on emotional well-being by analyzing the frequency with which specific emotions are experienced in anticipation of and reaction to job loss. Using longitudinal data of the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) and fixed effects regressions, we find that becoming unemployed leads to more frequent experiences of unpleasant emotions only in the short run and that adaptation occurs more rapidly as compared to life satisfaction. Contrary to existing studies, we find decreases on emotional well-being but not in life satisfaction in anticipation of unemployment.

Keywords: Unemployment, emotions, well-being, life satisfaction, SOEP

JEL Classification: A14, D63, J17

Suggested Citation

Scheve, Christian von and Esche, Frederike and Schupp, Juergen, The Emotional Timeline of Unemployment: Anticipation, Reaction, and Adaptation (September 1, 2013). SOEPpaper No. 593. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2339920

Christian von Scheve (Contact Author)

Free University of Berlin (FUB) ( email )

Van't-Hoff-Str. 8
Berlin, Berlin 14195
Germany

Frederike Esche

Berlin Graduate School of Social Sciences ( email )

Unter den Linden 6
Berlin, 10099
Germany

Humboldt University of Berlin ( email )

Unter den Linden 6
Berlin, AK 10099
Germany

Juergen Schupp

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) ( email )

Mohrenstraße 58
Berlin, D-10117
Germany
+49 30 8 978 9238 (Phone)
+49 30 8 978 9109 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.diw.de/deutsch/das_institut/mitarbeiter/innen/26652.html?uid=jschupp

Institute for Sociology, Freie Universität ( email )

Garystr. 55
I
Berlin, D-14195
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.polsoz.fu-berlin.de/soziologie/mitarbeiter/b_hochschullehrer/schupp.html

The Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.iza.org/index_html?lang=de&mainframe=http%3A//www.iza.org/de/webcontent/personnel/fellows

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