Fire-sale Spillovers and Systemic Risk
116 Pages Posted: 16 Oct 2013 Last revised: 6 Dec 2019
Date Written: June 1, 2018
We identify and track over time the factors that make the financial system vulnerable to fire sales by constructing an index of aggregate vulnerability. The index starts increasing quickly in 2004, before most other major systemic risk measures, and triples by 2008. The fire-sale-specific factors of delevering speed and concentration of illiquid assets account for the majority of this increase. Individual banks’ contributions to aggregate vulnerability predict other firm-specific measures of systemic risk, including SRISK and DCoVaR. The balance sheet-based measures we propose are therefore a useful early indicator of when and where vulnerabilities are building up.
Keywords: systemic risk, fire-sale externalities, leverage, linkage, concentration, bank holding company
JEL Classification: G01, G10, G18, G20, G21, G23, G28, G32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation