Background, Analysis, & Solutions for UNFCCC COP-19 & Beyond
16 Pages Posted: 18 Oct 2013
Date Written: October 16, 2013
COP-19 provides a critical opportunity for the global community to come together and move forward to combat climate change. This paper will provide background on climate change and the major issues to be negotiated at COP-19, concluding with recommendations for the negotiators.
Countries must make firm and binding commitments at COP-19. The ADP must set a 2015 deadline to finalize a legal instrument that is binding for all countries, and thus significant progress must be made at COP-19 as far as mitigation ambition. In the spirit of the Kyoto Protocol Article 2’s principle of CBDR, developed countries have a strong obligation to curb global climate change, as far as mitigation and adaptation, by helping to build capacity and transfer technology to developing countries. However, ignoring the impacts of climate change is inexcusable, and developing countries must also undertake sustainable development.
Governments must make strong commitments in the areas of (1) climate finance, (2) loss and damage, (3) adaptation, (4) MRV, (5) mitigation and accounting, and (6) forests / REDD. At COP-19, we recommend that (1) the GCF should be operationalized, (2) developed countries should create an international mechanism for loss and damage, and (3) developing countries should make concessions in the areas of MRV and mitigation and accounting, implementing the principles of transparency and accountability.
With the advent of greater information sharing and many viable new green technologies, it will be easier than ever before to implement solutions to combat climate change while simultaneously creating sustainable win-win solutions in cities and countries. A new business model involves building public private partnerships to enable the utilization of innovative green technologies through creative structured financing and emerging market partners working with developed country counterparts. Thus the public and private sector will work together to build a green economy that is truly sustainable and climate resilient.
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