Educational Attainment, Wages and Employment of Second-Generation Immigrants in France

28 Pages Posted: 19 Oct 2013

See all articles by Gabin Langevin

Gabin Langevin

Université de Rennes 1

David Masclet

Université de Rennes I; M@rsouin

Fabien Moizeau

Université Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne - Equipe Universitaire de Recherche en Economie Quantitative (EUREQUA)

Emmanuel Peterle

Université de Rennes 1

Date Written: September 18, 2013

Abstract

We use data from the Trajectoires et Origines survey to analyze the labor-market outcomes of both second-generation immigrants and their French native counterparts. Second-generation immigrants have on average a lower probability of employment and lower wages than French natives. We find however considerable differences between second-generation immigrants depending on their origin: while those originating from Northern Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa and Turkey are less likely to be employed and receive lower wages than French natives, second-generation immigrants with Asian or Southern- and Eastern-European origins do not differ significantly from their French native counterparts. The employment gap between French natives and second generation immigrants is mainly explained by differences in their education; education is also an important determinant of the ethnic wage gap. Finally we show that these differences in educational attainment are mainly explained by family background. Although the role of discrimination cannot be denied, our findings do point out the importance of family background in explaining lifelong ethnic inequalities.

Keywords: labor-market discrimination, second-generation immigrants, educational attainment, family background, decomposition methods

JEL Classification: I2, J15, J24, J41

Suggested Citation

Langevin, Gabin and Masclet, David and Moizeau, Fabien and Peterle, Emmanuel, Educational Attainment, Wages and Employment of Second-Generation Immigrants in France (September 18, 2013). CIRANO - Scientific Publications 2013s-33, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2342288 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2342288

Gabin Langevin

Université de Rennes 1 ( email )

11 Rue Jean Macé
Rennes, Rennes 35700
France

David Masclet (Contact Author)

Université de Rennes I ( email )

11 Rue Jean Macé
35065 Rennes Cedex, Rennes
France

M@rsouin ( email )

France

Fabien Moizeau

Université Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne - Equipe Universitaire de Recherche en Economie Quantitative (EUREQUA) ( email )

106-112 Boulevard de l'Hopital
Paris Cedex 13, 75647
France

Emmanuel Peterle

Université de Rennes 1 ( email )

11 Rue Jean Macé
Rennes, Rennes 35700
France

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