The Governance of Climate Change Adaptation in Ten OECD Countries: Challenges and Approaches
27 Pages Posted: 23 Oct 2013
Date Written: January 2011
The governance of climate change adaptation gained increasing attention among both policy makers and researchers in recent years. Nevertheless, it is still largely unclear how governments aim to develop and implement adaptation policies. This paper takes stock of respective governance approaches at the national level in ten OECD countries. It first introduces four governance challenges that play a key role in the literature, i.e. (i) how to better integrate adaptation policies horizontally across policy sectors and (ii) vertically across jurisdictional levels, (iii) how to deal with uncertainties and integrate knowledge in adaptation policy decisions and, (iv), how to involve non-state stakeholders in adaptation decisions.
Based on a desk research and a telephone survey, the paper then highlights a plethora of governance approaches the selected governments employ to cope with these four challenges. Overall, it is shown that most governance approaches are restricted to soft, voluntary ways of coordination and steering, and that national adaptation strategies often mark a centre piece around which complex governance setups emerge.
Keywords: adaptation to climate change, adaptation policies, adaptation governance, horizontal integration, vertical integration, knowledge integration, participation
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