Protecting Reliance

40 Pages Posted: 23 Oct 2013

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper

Date Written: September 10, 2013


Reliance plays a central role in contract law and scholarship. One party relies on the other’s promised performance, or its statements, or its anticipated entry into a formal agreement. Saying that reliance is important, however, says nothing about what we should do about it. In this paper the focus is on the many ways that parties choose to protect reliance. The relation between what parties do and what contract doctrine cares about is tenuous at best. Contract performance takes place over time and the nature of the parties’ future obligations can be deferred to take account of changing circumstances. Reliance matters in this context since one or both of the parties might want to rely on the continuity of the arrangement; but they might also want the flexibility to adapt as new information becomes available. If one party has the discretion to react (terminating or adjusting quantity, for example) the other party can confront the decision maker with a price reflecting its reliance. That price need bear no relation to the formal remedies of contract law. The paper also considers other roles of reliance, including determination of compensation following excused performance, the irrevocability of an offer, and in a particular type of complex transaction — a corporate acquisition.

Suggested Citation

Goldberg, Victor Paul, Protecting Reliance (September 10, 2013). Columbia Law and Economics Working Paper No. 454, Available at SSRN: or

Victor Paul Goldberg (Contact Author)

Columbia Law School ( email )

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