Production Factors, Productivity Dynamics and Quality Gains as Determinants of Healthcare Spending Growth in U.S. Hospitals
Bank of Mexico Working Paper 2013-13
43 Pages Posted: 7 Nov 2013
Date Written: September 29, 2013
We analyze the contribution of production factors to revenue growth in almost the complete universe of U.S. hospitals, accounting for quality and productivity. Production factors (capital, labor, energy, materials and drugs) contributed 70% (drugs alone contributed 52%), better health outcomes (higher quality) contributed 5%, and better use of resources (productivity) contributed 25%. We find increasing returns to scale, a markup of between 15% and 36% and a much larger productivity dispersion in the hospital sector than the one found in manufacturing, with gains coming mainly from within-hospital productivity growth and almost zero coming from net entry.
Keywords: Healthcare cost growth, Healthcare productivity, Health production
JEL Classification: D24, I12, E22
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