Entrepreneurship as a Mobility Process

59 Pages Posted: 28 Oct 2013

See all articles by Jesper Sorensen

Jesper Sorensen

Stanford Graduate School of Business

Amanda Sharkey

University of Chicago - Booth School of Business

Date Written: October 28, 2013

Abstract

We advance a theory of how organizational characteristics, in particular the structure of opportunity within organizations, shape the decision to become an entrepreneur. Established organizations play an important yet understudied role in the entrepreneurial process, because they shape the environment within which individuals may choose to enter self-employment. Yet, despite the fact that sociologists have long recognized that inequality within organizations plays an important role in career attainment and mobility, we lack an understanding of how it shapes the pursuit of entrepreneurial opportunities. We develop a formal model in which entrepreneurial choice is driven by differences in the arrival of different types of advancement opportunities. Entrepreneurship then arises as a result of matching processes between workers and employers, as well as the features of opportunity structures in paid employment. Analyses using Danish census data provide support for empirical implications derived from the model.

Keywords: entrepreneurship, inequality, mobility, careers, labor markets

JEL Classification: M13

Suggested Citation

Sorensen, Jesper B. and Sharkey, Amanda, Entrepreneurship as a Mobility Process (October 28, 2013). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2346438 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2346438

Jesper B. Sorensen (Contact Author)

Stanford Graduate School of Business ( email )

655 Knight Way
Stanford, CA 94305-5015
United States

Amanda Sharkey

University of Chicago - Booth School of Business ( email )

5807 S. Woodlawn Avenue
Chicago, IL 60637
United States

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