Non-Gaussian GARCH Option Pricing Models and Their Diffusion Limits
Forthcoming, European Journal of Operational Research
30 Pages Posted: 2 Nov 2013 Last revised: 19 Jun 2015
Date Written: October 31, 2013
This paper investigates the weak convergence of general non-Gaussian GARCH models together with an application to the pricing of European style options determined using an extended Girsanov principle and a conditional Esscher transform as the pricing kernel candidates. Applying these changes of measure to asymmetric GARCH models sampled at increasing frequencies, we obtain two risk neutral families of processes which converge to different bivariate diffusions, which are no longer standard Hull-White stochastic volatility models. Regardless of the innovations used, the GARCH implied diffusion limit based on the Esscher transform can be obtained by applying the minimal martingale measure under the physical measure. However, we further show that for skewed GARCH driving noise, the risk neutral diffusion limit of the extended Girsanov principle exhibits a non-zero market price of volatility risk which is proportional to the market price of the equity risk, where the constant of proportionality depends on the skewness and kurtosis of the underlying distribution. Our theoretical results are further supported by numerical simulations and a calibration exercise to observed market quotes.
Keywords: finance, non-Gaussian GARCH models, extended Girsanov principle, conditional Esscher transform, bivariate diffusion limit, option pricing
JEL Classification: C22, C32, C5
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation