International Trade, Bargaining and Efficiency: The Holdup Problem
Posted: 5 Feb 2001
In the presence of product market imperfections and holdup, we identify allocative and productive efficiency gains resulting from international trade. Under a bilateral monopoly in a closed economy, inefficiencies arise in both input and output markets. Trade in final goods has a procompetitive effect in the product market. This in turn triggers an increase in output, which raises incentives for the upstream firm to invest and helps reduce the hold-up problem.
JEL Classification: F12, F13, F15
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation