Abstract

https://ssrn.com/abstract=2351269
 


 



Coalitional Realignment and the Adoption of Non-Contributory Social Insurance Programs in Latin America


Matthew E. Carnes


Georgetown University

Isabela Mares


Columbia University - Department of Political Science

November 7, 2013

Forthcoming in Socio-Economic Review

Abstract:     
What explains the recent rise in non-contributory social insurance programs in Latin America? Since the 1990s, Latin American countries have enacted significant social policy reforms that have supplemented contributory insurance policies with new or expanded non-contributory programs, financed by general tax revenues. We present a political explanation for this phenomenon, arguing that the process of deindustrialization, and especially the increased labour insecurity that it entails, has changed the mix of social insurance policies favored by different individuals in the income and employment distributions. A long-term increase in economic insecurity has increased the relative demand for tax-financed, rather than contribution-financed, social insurance. Elected officials, especially those in the recent ‘rise of the Left’ in Latin America, have proven eager to meet these demands. We find strong evidence for this argument using both cross-national data on non-contributory pension policy adoption and individual-level data on policy preferences.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 43

Keywords: Social policy, Economic reform, Employment, Public pensions, Latin America

JEL Classification: G23, H55, J32


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Date posted: November 8, 2013  

Suggested Citation

Carnes, Matthew E. and Mares, Isabela, Coalitional Realignment and the Adoption of Non-Contributory Social Insurance Programs in Latin America (November 7, 2013). Forthcoming in Socio-Economic Review. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2351269

Contact Information

Matthew E. Carnes (Contact Author)
Georgetown University ( email )
Washington, DC 20057
United States
Isabela Mares
Columbia University - Department of Political Science ( email )
MC3320
420 West 118th Street
New York, NY 10027
United States
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