Cross-Border Capital Flows into Real Estate
41 Pages Posted: 10 Nov 2013 Last revised: 17 Apr 2014
Date Written: November 8, 2013
This study investigates the determinants of cross-border capital flows into direct real estate markets. In particular, it investigates how existing institutional, regulatory and real estate specific barriers affect cross-border real estate inflows and outflows in a sample of 24 developed and emerging countries, and whether investors seek out targets with lower barriers and regulatory arbitrage. We do not find evidence of significant cross-border institutional or regulatory arbitrage in the real estate market. However, real estate market liquidity is found to be the most important driver of cross-border flows. While many of the institutional barriers included in this analysis do not appear to impact the level of real estate inflows significantly, their presence tends to suppress real estate capital outflows to other countries. Overall, easy access to financial markets, a good economic environment and transparent real estate markets may enhance real estate outflows, while returns and the macroeconomy are found to enhance domestic real estate investment.
Keywords: Real Estate Investment, Cross-border flows, Panel data analysis
JEL Classification: F14, O19, R12, C31
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation