Cross-Listings and the New World of International Capital: Another Look at the Efficiency and Extraterritoriality of Securities Law
91 Pages Posted: 10 Nov 2013 Last revised: 23 Mar 2020
Date Written: November 16, 2012
This Article examines the cumulative welfare effect of the application of the U.S. regulatory regime on foreign private issuers (FPI) and whether the extraterritorial reach of U.S. law creates unnecessary risks deterring crosslistings. To assess the deterrence effect and optimality of regulations, the research designs a simplified model explaining decision-making processes of control persons and applies the model to the FPI regulatory regime and case law analysis. The Article assembles a sample of seventy-five cases, interprets the application of the conduct and effects test and recent Supreme Court decisions, examines deregistration forms filed in 2001-2011, and juxtaposes statistical data with recent law reforms in the United States, the European Union, and a number of other jurisdictions. The research concludes that the U.S. policies are not uniformly value maximizing for all categories of FPI. The current singlemodal policies of indiscriminate incremental deregulation fail to properly address the concerns of issuers from developed economies and may be socially wasteful and unnecessary for FPI from emerging markets. To solve this dilemma, the Article suggests three solutions premised on the policy of regulatory granularity.
Keywords: securities, capital markets, international, extraterritorial, Morrison v. NAB, private right of action, Rule 10b-5
JEL Classification: K00, K22, K33, K42
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation