Family Structure and the Education Gender Gap: Evidence from Italian Provinces

36 Pages Posted: 13 Nov 2013

See all articles by Graziella Bertocchi

Graziella Bertocchi

Università di Modena; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); Einaudi Institute for Economics and Finance (EIEF); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Monica Bozzano

University of Pavia

Multiple version iconThere are 3 versions of this paper

Date Written: October 31, 2013

Abstract

We investigate the determinants of the education gender gap in Italy in historical perspective with a focus on the influence of family structure. We capture the latter with two indicators: residential habits (nuclear vs. complex families) and inheritance rules (partition vs. primogeniture). After controlling for economic, institutional, religious, and cultural factors, we find that family structure is a driver of the education gender gap, with a higher female to male enrollment rate ratio in upper primary schools being associated with nuclear residential habits and equal partition of inheritance. The effect tends to persist through the present day.

Keywords: education gender gap, Italian unification, family types, inheritance, institutions, religion, convergence

JEL Classification: E020, H750, I250, J160, N330, O150

Suggested Citation

Bertocchi, Graziella and Bozzano, Monica, Family Structure and the Education Gender Gap: Evidence from Italian Provinces (October 31, 2013). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 4460, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2353335

Graziella Bertocchi (Contact Author)

Università di Modena; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) ( email )

Einaudi Institute for Economics and Finance (EIEF)

Rome, 00187
Italy

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Schaumburg-Lippe-Str. 7 / 9
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Monica Bozzano

University of Pavia ( email )

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Downloads
33
Abstract Views
425
PlumX Metrics