Long and Healthy Careers? The Relationship between Occupation and Health and its Implications for the Statutory Retirement Age

80 Pages Posted: 13 Nov 2013

See all articles by Bastian Ravesteijn

Bastian Ravesteijn

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Economics (ESE); Tinbergen Institute

Hans van Kippersluis

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Economics (ESE)

Eddy van Doorslaer

Erasmus School of Economics

Date Written: October 29, 2013

Abstract

This paper investigates the relationship between occupation and health, and confirms that – also in the Netherlands in recent years – workers on a lower step of the occupational ladder on average report worse health, have a higher probability of disability and die earlier than workers in higher occupations. We sketch a theoretical framework to better understand the mechanisms underlying these disparities. Using the core insights derived from this model on selection and behavioral responses to changing workplace conditions, we review and assess the economic literature to date on occupation and health. After identifying the difficulties encountered in estimating causal effects of occupational characteristics on mental and physical health, we discuss how future research may try to overcome some of the crucial identification issues. We relate our findings to current policy issues with respect to occupational safety and the statutory retirement age, and discuss how future research could contribute to improved policy advice.

Keywords: Labour, health, occupation, aging, disability

JEL Classification: I10, J00

Suggested Citation

Ravesteijn, Bastian and van Kippersluis, Hans and van Doorslaer, Eddy, Long and Healthy Careers? The Relationship between Occupation and Health and its Implications for the Statutory Retirement Age (October 29, 2013). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2353840 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2353840

Bastian Ravesteijn (Contact Author)

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Economics (ESE) ( email )

P.O. Box 1738
3000 DR Rotterdam, NL 3062 PA
Netherlands

Tinbergen Institute ( email )

Burg. Oudlaan 50
Rotterdam, 3062 PA
Netherlands

Hans Van Kippersluis

Erasmus University Rotterdam (EUR) - Erasmus School of Economics (ESE) ( email )

Burg. Oudlaan 50
Rotterdam, NL 3062 PA
Netherlands

Eddy Van Doorslaer

Erasmus School of Economics ( email )

Netherlands

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