The Long-Term Employment Impacts of Gentrification in the 1990s

38 Pages Posted: 15 Nov 2013

See all articles by T. Lester

T. Lester

University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill

Daniel A. Hartley

Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago

Date Written: May 21, 2013

Abstract

This paper explores the degree to which gentrification impacts local labor markets. It begins by describing the nature of employment change in one archetypical gentrifying neighborhood — Chicago's Wicker Park — to motivate the central hypothesis that gentrification is associated with industrial restructuring. Next, a detailed analysis is presented on the long-term employment changes in neighborhoods that have experienced gentrification during the 1990s across a sample of 20 large central cities. This analysis shows that employment grew slightly faster in gentrifying neighborhoods than other portions of the central city. However, jobs in restaurants and retail services tended to replace those lost in goods-producing industries. This process of industrial restructuring occurred at a faster rate in gentrifying areas. Thus gentrification can be considered a contributory and catalytic factor in accelerating the shift away from manufacturing with urban labor markets.

Keywords: Gentrification, Urban Labor Markets, Industrial Displacement, Central City Economic Restructuring

JEL Classification: R31

Suggested Citation

Lester, T. and Hartley, Daniel A., The Long-Term Employment Impacts of Gentrification in the 1990s (May 21, 2013). FRB of Cleveland Working Paper No. 13-07, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2354015

T. Lester

University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill ( email )

102 Ridge Road
Chapel Hill, NC NC 27514
United States

Daniel A. Hartley (Contact Author)

Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago ( email )

230 South LaSalle Street
Chicago, IL 60604
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.danielaaronhartley.com

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