The Long-Term Employment Impacts of Gentrification in the 1990s
38 Pages Posted: 15 Nov 2013
Date Written: May 21, 2013
This paper explores the degree to which gentrification impacts local labor markets. It begins by describing the nature of employment change in one archetypical gentrifying neighborhood — Chicago's Wicker Park — to motivate the central hypothesis that gentrification is associated with industrial restructuring. Next, a detailed analysis is presented on the long-term employment changes in neighborhoods that have experienced gentrification during the 1990s across a sample of 20 large central cities. This analysis shows that employment grew slightly faster in gentrifying neighborhoods than other portions of the central city. However, jobs in restaurants and retail services tended to replace those lost in goods-producing industries. This process of industrial restructuring occurred at a faster rate in gentrifying areas. Thus gentrification can be considered a contributory and catalytic factor in accelerating the shift away from manufacturing with urban labor markets.
Keywords: Gentrification, Urban Labor Markets, Industrial Displacement, Central City Economic Restructuring
JEL Classification: R31
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