Day-Care Expansion and Parental Subjective Well-Being: Evidence from Germany

37 Pages Posted: 14 Nov 2013

See all articles by Pia Sophia Schober

Pia Sophia Schober

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin); Free University of Berlin (FUB)

Christian Schmitt

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) - Longitudinal Data and Microanalysis

Date Written: November 2013

Abstract

This study investigates whether the expansion of day-care places for under-three-year-old children in East and West Germany from 2007 to 2011 has improved the subjective well-being for mothers and fathers with a youngest child in this age group. We extend existing cross-sectional country comparisons and single country policy evaluations by comparing regional variations over time in two different contexts in terms of work-care ideals, labour market, and child care policies. The empirical analysis links administrative records on daycare use at youth welfare office district level from 2007 to 2011 to regionally aggregated data from the Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) for 2007 to 2011 and from the 'Families in Germany'-Study (Familien in Deutschland, FID) for 2010 and 2011. We apply fixed-effects models at the county level. We find that in regions with larger day-care growth mothers and fathers expressed greater satisfaction with the available child care. In West Germany, the daycare expansion was positively associated with an increase in maternal satisfaction with family life, health, personal income, and life overall, whereas fathers’ subjective well-being was less affected. In East Germany, for mothers the associations with some domains were similarly positive but reached statistical significance only for maternal satisfaction with family life. The results suggest that the excess demand before the expansion in West and East Germany restricted maternal choice and well-being more than fathers’.

Keywords: well-being; satisfaction; parenthood; early childhood education and care; child care

Suggested Citation

Schober, Pia Sophia and Schmitt, Christian, Day-Care Expansion and Parental Subjective Well-Being: Evidence from Germany (November 2013). SOEPpaper No. 602. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2354279 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2354279

Pia Sophia Schober (Contact Author)

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) ( email )

Mohrenstraße 58
Berlin, 10117
Germany

Free University of Berlin (FUB) ( email )

Van't-Hoff-Str. 8
Berlin, Berlin 14195
Germany

Christian Schmitt

German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin) - Longitudinal Data and Microanalysis ( email )

Mohrenstraße 58
Berlin, 10117
Germany

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Downloads
27
Abstract Views
309
PlumX Metrics