Soft Strategic Information and IPO Underpricing
32 Pages Posted: 18 Nov 2013
Date Written: October 30, 2012
Using content analysis we measure the impact of soft information, derived from words in IPO registration documents, on IPO pricing efficiency. First, using 2,298 U.S. IPOs from 1996 to 2008, we find that an IPO document’s strategic tone correlates positively with the stock’s first-day return; more frequent usage of positive and/or less frequent usage of negative strategic words lead to more IPO underpricing. Second, we find that an IPO document’s strategic tone is negatively correlated with the stock’s long-run return. Together, these findings imply that investors initially misprice soft information in registration statements, which mispricing is eventually corrected. Additionally, we create new content-analysis libraries for strategic words and introduce a survey-based library creation method and word-weighting system.
Keywords: Soft information, IPOs, Textual analysis, Underpricing, Word counts, Content analysis
JEL Classification: G02, G12, G14, G20, G24, D83
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation