Catch Me If You Can: Referee-Team Relationships and Disciplinary Cautions in Football

Hlasny, V., & Kolaric, S. (2017) Catch Me If You Can: Referee–Team Relationships and Disciplinary Cautions in Football. Journal of Sports Economics 18(6):560-591.

46 Pages Posted: 19 Nov 2013 Last revised: 26 Jul 2018

See all articles by Vladimir Hlasny

Vladimir Hlasny

Ewha Womans University

Sascha Kolaric

Technische Universität Darmstadt

Date Written: July 24, 2014

Abstract

The central hypothesis of this study is that relationships develop systematically between referees and teams, and affect referees’ decisions. Referees’ travel distance to respective stadiums and count of matches refereed for respective teams are used to measure long-term relationships. We find some evidence that the count of referee-team interactions affects disciplinary cautions in Divisions 2 and 3 of the English Football League. This is less evident in the Premier League and in Division 1 where, however, geographic distances between referees’ hometowns and stadiums appear to play a role. Referees’ perception of the distance appears to further increase with the extent of referees’ experience with the teams. The effect of the relative distance on team advantage is stronger the higher the team’s relative stake in the game.

Keywords: English football, soccer, Premier League, yellow cards, referee bias, home advantage, favoritism, regulatory capture

JEL Classification: L83, L14

Suggested Citation

Hlasny, Vladimir and Kolaric, Sascha, Catch Me If You Can: Referee-Team Relationships and Disciplinary Cautions in Football (July 24, 2014). Hlasny, V., & Kolaric, S. (2017) Catch Me If You Can: Referee–Team Relationships and Disciplinary Cautions in Football. Journal of Sports Economics 18(6):560-591.. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2356305 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2356305

Vladimir Hlasny (Contact Author)

Ewha Womans University ( email )

11-1 Daehyun-dong
Seodaemun-gu
Seoul 120-750
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)

Sascha Kolaric

Technische Universität Darmstadt ( email )

Hochschulstrasse 1
Darmstadt, 64289
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.cofi.wi.tu-darmstadt.de/team_cofi/wimi_cofi/kolaric_cofi/index.en.jsp

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