Quantifying Bias in Driving‐Under‐The‐Influence Enforcement

16 Pages Posted: 20 Nov 2013

See all articles by Brady Horn

Brady Horn

University of New Mexico - Department of Economics

Jill J. McCluskey

Washington State University

Ron Mittelhammer

Washington State University - Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics

Date Written: January 2014

Abstract

As the marginal suspect and propensity to commit crime are unobserved across racial categories, it is difficult to quantify racial bias with law enforcement outcomes data. We test for racial bias in driving‐under‐the‐influence of alcohol enforcement. The assessment outcome variable, blood alcohol content (BAC), provides information about motorist's choices and allows for a more refined test for racial bias compared with other law enforcement outcome data. We find no evidence of racial bias in the relevant range where our model applies. However, we do find differences in find rates at the lowest levels of BAC, where there should be no impairment.

JEL Classification: J7, K42

Suggested Citation

Horn, Brady and McCluskey, Jill and Mittelhammer, Ron C., Quantifying Bias in Driving‐Under‐The‐Influence Enforcement (January 2014). Economic Inquiry, Vol. 52, Issue 1, pp. 269-284, 2014, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2357243 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ecin.12043

Brady Horn (Contact Author)

University of New Mexico - Department of Economics ( email )

1915 Roma NE/Economics Building
Albuquerque, NM 87131
United States

Jill McCluskey

Washington State University ( email )

School of Economic Sciences
Pullman, WA 99164
509-335-2835 (Phone)

Ron C. Mittelhammer

Washington State University - Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics ( email )

111E Hulbert Hall
Pullman, WA 99164-4741
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.arec.wsu.edu/people/mittelha.htm

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