Root Formation and Polysemic Organization in Arabic Lexicon: A Probabilistic Model

Alhawary, Mohammad T. and Benmamoun, Elabbas (eds.), 2005, Perspectives On Arabic Linguistics XVII-XVIII, Papers From The Seventeenth And Eighteenth Annual Symposia On Arabic Linguistics, 85-116.

33 Pages Posted: 22 Nov 2013

See all articles by Lazhar Zanned

Lazhar Zanned

University of Manouba - Faculty of Arts, Literatures and Humanities

Date Written: October 20, 2005

Abstract

In this paper, we address the notion of polysemy in Classical Arabic lexicon. We argue that the rules governing Arabic root formation generate polysemy in an unavoidable way. Assuming a root organization and generation stance divergent from the proposed in earlier models, such as the Extentionist Model, the Epenthesis Model, and the Combinatorial Model, we present the Probabilistic Model as an alternative model that can better account for the phenomenon of polysemy: root formation is probabilistic. The triconsonantal roots cross at any given root resulting in a polysemic form (bearing, at least, three meanings) and comprising three identical consonantal copies each of which bears its own meaning inherited from its own listeme, making polysemy unavoidable.

Keywords: Arabic, Lexicon, Polysemy, Probabilistic model, Reduplication, Archiroot

Suggested Citation

Zanned, Lazhar, Root Formation and Polysemic Organization in Arabic Lexicon: A Probabilistic Model (October 20, 2005). Alhawary, Mohammad T. and Benmamoun, Elabbas (eds.), 2005, Perspectives On Arabic Linguistics XVII-XVIII, Papers From The Seventeenth And Eighteenth Annual Symposia On Arabic Linguistics, 85-116.. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2357579

Lazhar Zanned (Contact Author)

University of Manouba - Faculty of Arts, Literatures and Humanities ( email )

University of Manouba
Manouba, Manouba 2010
Tunisia

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