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The Relevance of Using Accounting Fundamentals in the Mexican Stock Market

9 Pages Posted: 22 Nov 2013 Last revised: 5 Dec 2013

Carlos Alberto Dorantes

ITESM Campus Querétaro

Date Written: May 8, 2013

Abstract

This paper examines the value relevance of accounting fundamentals in the Mexican Stock Market ([BMV] – Bolsa Mexicana de Valores). The research question that motivated the paper was: Can accounting fundamentals provide relevant information to better understand firm value? More specifically, the paper examines whether the application of an accounting fundamental strategy to select stocks of a portfolio can systematically yield significant and positive excess market buy-and-hold returns after one and two years of portfolio formation. Based on valuation theory, accounting research and the maturity level of the BMV, a set of accounting fundamental signals is proposed that reflects information that influences security prices, but not necessarily in a timely manner. Using quarterly financial and market data from 196 BMV stocks from 1991 to 2011, it is shown that after controlling for earnings, book-to-market ratio and firm size, the fundamental strategy proposed here provides value information relevant to investors. The relationship between the accounting fundamental signals proposed and the buy-and-hold market future return (one-year and two-year returns) is significant and positive considering the 1991-2011 period. Portfolios formed with high scores of these signals show an average of 1.62% market excess annual return between 1991 and 2011, and about 9% between 1997 and 2011. Besides the practical implication of the findings – e.g. the possibility mispriced securities – this paper contributes to the scarce accounting research in Latin American capital markets by furthering understanding of the “post-earnings” drift phenomenon in the BMV.

Keywords: Latin American, capital markets, Accounting fundamentals, Stock returns, Earnings, Mexican Stock Market, Portfolio formation

JEL Classification: D53, M42, G15, G11

Suggested Citation

Dorantes, Carlos Alberto, The Relevance of Using Accounting Fundamentals in the Mexican Stock Market (May 8, 2013). Journal of Economics, Finance & Administrative Science, Vol. 18, No. sci, 2013. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2358137

Carlos A. Dorantes (Contact Author)

ITESM Campus Querétaro ( email )

Epigmenio González 500
Fraccionamiento San Pablo
Querétaro, 76130
Mexico

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