Fertility and Female Labor Supply in Latin America: New Causal Evidence

13 Pages Posted: 26 Nov 2013  

Guillermo Cruces

Universidad Nacional de La Plata - Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS); IZA

Sebastian Galiani

University of Maryland - Department of Economics

Date Written: August 23, 2005

Abstract

We study the effect of fertility on maternal labor supply in Argentina and Mexico exploiting a source of exogenous variability in family size first introduced by Angrist and Evans (1998) for the United States. We find that the estimates for the US can be generalized both qualitatively and quantitatively to the populations of two developing countries where, compared to the US, fertility is known to be higher, female education levels are much lower and there are fewer formal facilities for childcare.

Keywords: Causality, Childbearing and Female Labor Supply in Developing Countries

JEL Classification: J13, J22

Suggested Citation

Cruces, Guillermo and Galiani, Sebastian, Fertility and Female Labor Supply in Latin America: New Causal Evidence (August 23, 2005). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2359227 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2359227

Guillermo Cruces

Universidad Nacional de La Plata - Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y Sociales (CEDLAS) ( email )

Centro de Estudios Distributivos, Laborales y
Sociales, Calle 6 e/47 y 48
La Plata, Provincia de Buenos Aires 1900
Argentina

HOME PAGE: http://cedlas.econo.unlp.edu.ar

IZA

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Sebastian Galiani (Contact Author)

University of Maryland - Department of Economics ( email )

College Park, MD 20742
United States

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