Journal of Banking and Finance, Forthcoming
Posted: 25 Nov 2013 Last revised: 20 Dec 2013
Date Written: November 17, 2013
We investigate whether the post-IPO market performance of IPO stocks is related to the percentage of shares issued to the public, namely, the public float. We demonstrate that a non-linear relation exists between the public float and post-IPO returns. Specifically, as public float increases, long-run returns decrease for low levels of public float and increase for high levels of public float. This relation persists even after controlling for various firm characteristics. The best long-term performers are firms that sell either very little or sell most of their stock in the IPO. We suggest that the choice of public float level creates a trade-off between incentives to insiders and power granted to outsiders. This trade-off determines the non-linear relation found between the public float and long-run returns.
Keywords: IPO, Public float, Capital and ownership structure, Equity issuance, Agency problems, Corporate governance
JEL Classification: G32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation
Michel, Allen and Oded, Jacob and Shaked, Israel, Ownership Structure and Performance: Evidence from the Public Float in IPOs (November 17, 2013). Journal of Banking and Finance, Forthcoming. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2359323