Social Protection and the Politics of Anger in the Middle East and North Africa
Cerami, A. (2015), Social Protection and The Politics of Anger in the Middle East and North Africa, Social Policies (Politiche Sociali), 1, pp. 115-135.
22 Pages Posted: 1 Dec 2013 Last revised: 10 Jul 2018
Date Written: November 28, 2015
This article investigates the confessional resource dependent welfare regimes of the Middle East and North Africa. It emphasizes the elite-captured nature of resources as well as the dependence of these regimes on oil and gas revenues or the acquisition from state-assets. The article pays a special attention to religious and other non-state actors in the administration and delivery of social protection. By examining key institutional features in Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Libya, Jordan, Morocco, Syria, Yemen and Tunisia, the article also highlights the ways in which differential sets of social protection institutions have succeeded in ensuring social peace and loyalty to the regimes. In addition, by identifying shortcomings and strengths in the administration of public goods, the article highlights the prospects for future and more successful reforms. In the conclusions, the reasons behind the ‘politics of anger’ that has led to the Arab Spring of 2011 are briefly elucidated.
Keywords: social protection, welfare regimes, corruption, resource curse, Middle East and North Africa, politics of anger
JEL Classification: I31, I38, O11, O53, P16,P51, D61, D72
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation