Women Labor Market Participation in Europe: Novel Evidence on Trends and Shaping Factors

52 Pages Posted: 4 Dec 2013

See all articles by Angela Cipollone

Angela Cipollone

LUISS Guido Carli University

Eleonora Patacchini

Einaudi Institute for Economics and Finance (EIEF) ; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Giovanna Vallanti

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE)

Abstract

We investigate the changes in women's participation patterns across 15 EU countries over the last 20 years using individual data from ECHP and EUSILC databases. Our findings reveal a role of social policies and institutional factors that is stronger than what has so far been assessed. Labor market reforms explain almost 25% of the actual increase in labor force participation for young women, and more than 30% for highly educated women. The effects of labor market reforms on the participation of low skilled women in the labor force are instead surprisingly small. We also find that reforms of the institutional framework towards a model of flexicure labor market are effective in enhancing women labor supply only when deregulation is accompanied by sufficient social compensation.

Keywords: employment gender gap, labor market institutions, child-rearing, elderly care, flexicurity

JEL Classification: J11, J21, J2

Suggested Citation

Cipollone, Angela and Patacchini, Eleonora and Vallanti, Giovanna, Women Labor Market Participation in Europe: Novel Evidence on Trends and Shaping Factors. IZA Discussion Paper No. 7710. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2363197

Angela Cipollone (Contact Author)

LUISS Guido Carli University

Via O. Tommasini 1
Rome, Roma 00100
Italy

Eleonora Patacchini

Einaudi Institute for Economics and Finance (EIEF) ( email )

Via Due Macelli, 73
Rome, 00187
Italy

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Giovanna Vallanti

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) ( email )

Houghton Street
London, WC2A 2AE
United Kingdom

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