Deployments, Combat Exposure, and Crime

72 Pages Posted: 4 Dec 2013

See all articles by D. Mark Anderson

D. Mark Anderson

University of Washington - Economics

Daniel I. Rees

University of Colorado Denver; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)


During the period 2001-2009, four combat brigades and the 3rd Armored Cavalry Regiment were based at Fort Carson, Colorado. These units were repeatedly deployed during the Iraq War, allowing us to measure the effect of arguably exogenous changes in troop levels on violent crime in El Paso County, where Fort Carson is located. Our results suggest that never-deployed units contributed to community violence in the form of assaults, murders, and robberies. In contrast, estimates of the relationship between the number of previously deployed units and violent crime are generally small and statistically insignificant. We conclude that soldiers returning from combat do not represent a special threat to public safety.

Keywords: combat, crime, Iraq War, violence

JEL Classification: K4, H56

Suggested Citation

Anderson, D. Mark and Rees, Daniel I., Deployments, Combat Exposure, and Crime. IZA Discussion Paper No. 7761, Available at SSRN:

D. Mark Anderson (Contact Author)

University of Washington - Economics ( email )

Seattle, WA
United States

Daniel I. Rees

University of Colorado Denver ( email )

Campus Box 181
P.O. Box 173364
Denver, CO 80218
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Do you have a job opening that you would like to promote on SSRN?

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
PlumX Metrics